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  1. City slave girls by nell cusack publish date
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  3. ❤️  Link №1: https://bit.ly/2VEOVpm
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  5. ❤️  Link №2: http://mulumsapa.fastdownloadcloud.ru/dt?s=YToyOntzOjc6InJlZmVyZXIiO3M6MjQ6Imh0dHA6Ly9zdGlra2VkLmNvbV8yX2R0LyI7czozOiJrZXkiO3M6NDQ6IkNpdHkgc2xhdmUgZ2lybHMgYnkgbmVsbCBjdXNhY2sgcHVibGlzaCBkYXRlIjt9
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  79. The round will conclude with time for informal discussion so that attendees and presenters can meet, chat, and share ideas on digital history pedagogy and scholarship. Our cohort built this project with the classroom in mind in a variety of formats. Assigned to uncover the poor working conditions subjected to women and children, Nelson changed out of her school-teacher dress and into working rags. Created by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University with funding from the Library of Congress.
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  81. Even Nellie Bly was a false name, for Elizabeth Cochrane. From Sophomores to Public Historians Evan Faulkenbury SUNY Cortland evanfaulkenbury When should history departments begin training their undergraduates in digital history?
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  83. Reportage - That is, I thought the manner pleasing until I began to get acquainted with it and then my opinion changed.
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  85. Source Material: Library of Congress; Public Domain - NYPL One November day in 1888, a slight, dark-haired young woman ducked out of the crowd on a street in downtown Chicago and took an elevator up to see a doctor. Silva had a good reputation to go with his black goatee and slight paunch. Frequently featured in the Chicago Tribune, he was the surgeon for the city police department and on the faculty of a medical school. To let a single breath of it out would be damaging to you, damaging to the man, and to me. The young woman must have assured him she could keep a secret. She would keep his, for a few weeks. She has kept hers for more than a hundred years. It was the heyday of the 19th-century daily newspaper. As new technology made printing cheaper, publishers cut newspaper prices to attract residents of the burgeoning cities—recent immigrants, factory workers. This huge potential audience gave rise to a rough competition waged with weapons of scandal and innovation. Paul Daily Globe, Eva Gay slipped into an industrial laundry to interview women sickened by the damp. Nora Marks reported for the Chicago Tribune on boys as young as 10 being held for trial at the Cook County Jail, some for more than a month. This article is a selection from the November issue of Smithsonian magazine Their reporting had real-world consequences, increasing funding to treat the mentally ill and inspiring labor organizations that pushed for protective laws. The names in the bylines, however, were often fake. Stunt reporters relied on pseudonyms, which offered protection as they waded deep into unladylike territory to poke sticks at powerful men. Annie Laurie was really Winifred Sweet; Gay was Eva Valesh; Marks was Eleanor Stackhouse. Even Nellie Bly was a false name, for Elizabeth Cochrane. Some never emerged from under cover. In Illinois, an 1867 statute made it illegal for a doctor to provide an abortion, under the penalty of two to ten years in jail. An exception was made for bona fide medical or surgical purposes. By her count, the Girl Reporter visited more than 200 doctors over three weeks, pleading, crying, taking notes. Among those who agreed to perform an abortion or refer her to someone who would was Dr. Etheridge, president of the Chicago Medical Society. Deciphering history, particularly the private lives of women, can be like peering through warped and clouded glass. The Girl Reporter flung the window open. In scene after scene, people have the kinds of conversations that never make it into textbooks. I never found anything like it anywhere else. Anti-Lincoln and pro-slavery during the Civil War, it was infamous for spewing inflammatory rhetoric and unearthing things best left buried. Rider Haggard, a Times-sponsored plan to find bison in Texas, domesticate them and save them from extinction. A writer would file exclusive reports by carrier pigeon. Nothing worked, though, until a schoolteacher-turned-reporter named Helen Cusack donned a shabby frock and brown veil and went looking for a job in the rainy July of 1888. In factories and sweat shops, she stitched coats and shoe linings, interviewed her fellow workers in hot, unventilated spaces and did the math. At the Excelsior Underwear Company, she was handed a stack of shirts to sew—80 cents a dozen—and then was charged 50 cents to rent the sewing machine and 35 cents for thread. Nearby, another woman was being yelled at for leaving oil stains on chemises. Circulation surged, and West doubled down on stunt reporting. He approached Charles Chapin, his city editor, and revealed his newest brainstorm. Some proposed medicines and places for her to stay during recovery. Others said they could help with adoption. But most demanded to see the young woman in question. Enter the Girl Reporter. Center for Research Libraries - Chicago She and her male colleague refined their story over the next few days, switching from midwives to prominent doctors, claiming she was six weeks pregnant rather than two or three months, stressing that money was no object. The Girl Reporter spent long days going from office to office. The only thing to do when one gets into trouble is to get out again. That way, when he was called to her bedside, and performed the operation surreptitiously, they could blame the medication for causing the abortion. Righteous anger filled her at first, at the doctors and the women who sought them out, but then something shifted. I have talked so much of my pretended trouble to the doctors that I now and then permitted my thoughts to wander and drift into the channels where it had been wading though the day. Eventually, she cared less about a willingness to commit abortion and more about the failure to sympathize with women in dire straits. I am as good as the rest of the world only less lucky. The paper proposed remedies. Women needed instruction on the delights of motherhood. Maybe there should be a lying-in hospital. Or doctors should meet stricter certification requirements. Letters to the editor poured in deep into January, bubbling with praise and outrage and frank evaluations of relations between the sexes. Still another, from a female doctor, said patients had asked her for abortions 300 times in her first year of practice. Did I do it? That 18-year-old whose father reluctantly handed over the front page? She might even meet with kindness and understanding. Readers received an education in techniques, specific medicines to take and at what dosage. As many readers dourly predicted, no one was arrested though Dr. Silva was fired as police surgeon. They suggested the series could be read as an advertisement for the doctors listed, rather than a public shaming. The Times capitalized on curiosity about the Girl Reporter. An illustration on the editorial page showed five sketches of thin, dark-haired women with bangs in front and a bun in the back, wearing an apron over a collared shirt. They looked down, or up, with expressions pensive or half-smiling, line-drawn Mona Lisas. Who might have crossed paths with the Chicago Times? So many, it turns out. Elia Peattie, who wrote about ghosts for the Tribune, was headed to Nebraska. Either might have lingered to do one last Chicago piece. Image Credits: Library of Congress Casting a net beyond the bounds of Illinois was even more daunting. Not long after the Girl Reporter finished her series, The Journalist came out with a 20-page issue highlighting women writers, including two pages on African-American reporters, from Mary E. Britton, who edited a column for the Lexington Herald, to Ida B. Wells, who reported on racial inequality for the Evening Star. But the popularity of her series offered a path toward her identity: Big sales also meant lawsuits. But the archive was quiet. They were frail pieces of dingy cardboard, folded into thirds, filled with papers. Cases would usually have a narrative, where the plaintiff lays out the complaint. Before the end of 1889, West was sentenced to prison for overissuing stock certificates of the Times Company. Five years after that, the Chicago Times was defunct. The rest of the legal file was lawyer after lawyer excusing himself from the case. Dunlop, Florence Noble alias Margaret Noble and ------- Bowen. Florence Noble was gone. No online searchable newspapers or magazines from the 1880s or 1890s have a reporter named Florence Noble. No Florence Noble appears in the Chicago directory for those years. The Chicago Medical Society seethed about the exposé at several meetings, but never described the Girl Reporter in any depth. Of course, Florence Noble could also be an alias. Stunt reporting in general had a dubious reputation, operating at the margins of decency; pretending to be pregnant out of wedlock and seeking an abortion may have been over the line of what a reporter might do and emerge unscathed. Anonymity seems unfortunate in hindsight, but maybe it was essential. Back at the office, male colleagues leered at her. She had to quit and get married to save her reputation. Nellie Bly declared she would raise an all-female regiment to fight for Cuba, Dorothy Dare headed out in a pilot ship in a storm, Kate Swan McGuirk rode a horse bareback in the circus. McGuirk, in particular, must have been running on adrenaline. Every week, a new test of nerve. See Brenda Starr and Lois Lane. And as the stakes plummeted and the public good became more difficult to decipher, the reporters were mocked, and the style written off as a fad. Their embrace of writing from a female perspective in female bodies made them all the easier to dismiss as insignificant. As a genre, stunt reporting at first offered opportunity for fresh voices and untold stories, but it ended up obscuring originality and individual contributions. But the contributions were real. Reporters pioneered techniques that would be later hailed by Tom Wolfe in his 1973 manifesto on New Journalism—details of societal status, scene-by-scene construction, dialogue, a distinctive and intimate point of view—the same qualities that make creative nonfiction so wildly popular today. An early experimenter with flash photography, he would barge into a dark tenement room, wake the residents, sprinkle magnesium powder on a frying pan. The circumstances had to be just right: maybe a cub reporter foolishly brave; a newspaper with nothing to lose; an industry reinventing itself; a community of doctors and midwives willing to buck a recent law. Then open the shutter, touch flame to powder and get a burst of illumination.
  86. I perspired at every pore, and the steels in my corsets rusted all the front of my nice Hamburg under waist. Solo enter the message. Nellie Bly declared she would raise an all-female regiment to fight for Cuba, Dorothy Dare headed out in a pilot ship in a storm, Kate Swan McGuirk rode a horse bareback in the circus. Even Nellie Bly was a false name, for Elizabeth Cochrane. This glad potential audience gave rise to a rough competition waged with weapons of scandal and innovation. Nell Nelson, 1890 Hidden behind false bylines and pseudonyms are a series of reporters who paved the way for future investigative journalism, who happen to be women. The lady reporter whose pen name was Nina Nelson was an accomplished needle worker, but was said to be sadly deficient in the skill required to handle a power-run. We rubbed her temples, chuffed her hands, bathed her head and later, as I sewed away at my buttonholes, she told me her story. The transnational research xi brings sources from multiple archives under a common spatial framework. Early Stuart Diplomatic Service: Prosopography and Networks Thea Lindquist Univ. If there's time at the end, we'll open the round up for others to jump in and present their projects!.
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